There were four black rhinos sub-species in Africa namely South Central (D. bicomis minor), Eastern (D. bicomis Michael), Southern western (D. bicomis bicomis) and Western (D. bicomis longipes ). In 1960s Africa had a total of 850, 000 black rhinos, in the 1960 the population dropped down to 65,000 black rhinos where Tanzania had 10,000 heads of black rhinos. The population kept dropping to as low as 2,410 heads of black rhinos in Africa in the year 1995 where Tanzania remained with only 32 black rhinos. The continued rhino carnage was more serious in West Africa where the last rhino (D. bicomis longipes ) was killed in the year 2011, thus, declared the rhino sub-species extinct. Out of the three remaining subspecies Tanzania holds 2 subspecies, South Central (D. bicomis minor) and Eastern (D. bicomis Michael) making Tanzania the important rhino range state that determines the future of rhinos in Africa. Despite the country facing various challenges in Rhino Management, efforts have been done to ensure that the rhino sub-populations are revived. This presentation explains the ways which the country is putting in place to ensure that rhinos are not extinct at least in our generation. Parallel to that the presentation elucidates the challenges we are facing in restoration of rhino sub-populations in Tanzania.